September 11-12, the Graham Centre is supporting the Canadian Business History Association’s conference on 150 years of Canadian business history, at the Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto. Program and more information available at cbha-acha.ca/index.php/conference-2017
On September 20, 5-7 pm, we launch J. Patrick Boyer’s Foreign Voices in the House: A Century of Addresses to Canada’s Parliament by World Leaders, in the library, Munk School of Global Affairs, 315 Bloor Street West. This is the first of our series of book launches, Books that Matter. Books available for purchase. Registration information available soon.
October 4, 5-7 pm, we launch William Kaplan’s Why Dissent Matters, another in our Books that Matter series, at the library, Munk School of Global Affairs, 315 Bloor Street West. Books available for purchase. Registration information available soon.
October 12, 12-2 pm, we launch volume three of the official history of the Department of External Affairs, Innovation and Adaptation, 1968-1984, by John Hilliker, Mary Halloran, and Greg Donaghy., at the Library, Munk School of Global Affairs, 315 Bloor Street West. Books available for purchase. Registration information available soon.
October 12, 5-7 pm, we launch Trudeau’s World: Insiders Reflect on Foreign Policy,Trade, and Defence, 1968-84, by Robert Bothwell and J.L. Granatstein, at the Library, Munk School of Global Affairs, 315 Bloor Street West. Books available for purchase. Registration information available soon.
TBC -In our Books that Matter series: Launches or Discussions of Patrice Dutil’s Prime Ministerial Power in Canada: Its Origins under Macdonald, Laurier, and Borden; A Place in the Sun: Haiti, Haitians, and the Remaking of Quebec, by Sean Mills; Mike’s World: Lester B. Pearson and Canadian External Affairs, edited by Asa McKercher and Galen Roger Perras; and The Unreliable Nation: Hostile Nature and Technological Failure in the Cold War, by Edward Jones-Imhotep. More information available soon.
Volker Berghahn is a historian of German and modern European history at Columbia University, where he holds the Seth Low Chair in History. His research interests have included the fin de siècle period in Europe, the origins of World War One, and German-American Relations. Seating is on a first-come, first-served basis.
Prof. Berghahn’s talk is the opening lecture of a series of events held by the University of Toronto Department of History to reflect on the meanings and memorializations of Confederation. A public conference on The Other 60s: A Decade that Shaped Canada and the World will be held on April 22nd, followed by Elsbeth Heaman’s 2017 Donald Creighton Lecture on “The Civilization of the Canadas in the 1860s”.
For further information CLICK HERE.
The Arctic is undergoing dramatic political, social, economic, and physical changes. The changes present both challenges and opportunities for US and Canadian Arctic relations. In a partnership event between the Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History and the Woodrow Wilson Centre, leaders across the North American Arctic were brought together to discuss building a future of cooperation in the Arctic region.
Join us on Tuesday April 18th for a discussion on Canadian Foreign Policy between two of the most respected authorities on the subject, Roland Paris and Kim Nossal. Prior to the discussion we will be hosting a book launch in the Buttery for Elizabeth Riddell-Dixon’s Breaking Ice: Canada, Sovereignty, and the Arctic Extended Continental Shelf. Click HERE for more details of that event.
Kim Richard Nossal is the director of the School of Policy Studies, Queen’s University. He received his B.A., (1972), M.A. (1974), and Ph.D. (1977) in Political Economy from the University of Toronto. In 1976, he joined the Department of Political Science at McMaster University in Hamilton, serving as chair of the department from 1992 to 1996. In 2001, he was appointed head of the Department of Political Studies at Queen’s, a position he held until 2009. From 2008 to 2013, he served as the Sir Edward Peacock Professor of International Relations. From 2010 to 2013 he was the director of the Centre for International and Defence Policy at Queen’s.
Nossal has served as editor of International Journal, the quarterly journal of the Canadian International Council, Canada’s institute of international affairs, and sits on the editorial boards of several journals. He has served as president of both the Australian and New Zealand Studies Association of North America (1999-2001) and the Canadian Political Science Association (2005-2006).
Nossal has authored or edited a number of books, including The Politics of Canadian Foreign Policy (1985, 1989, 1997); Relocating Middle Powers: Australia and Canada in a Changing World Order (with Andrew F. Cooper and Richard A. Higgott, 1993); Rain Dancing: Sanctions in Canadian and Australian Foreign Policy (1994); Diplomatic Departures: The Conservative Era in Canadian Foreign Policy (ed. with Nelson Michaud, 2001); Politique internationale et défense au Canada et au Québec (with Stéphane Roussel and Stéphane Paquin, 2007); Architects and Engineers: Building the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, 1909-2009 (ed. with Greg Donaghy, 2009). His latest book, with Roussel and Paquin, is International Policy and Politics in Canada, published in 2011. At present he and Jean-Christophe Boucher are working on a book on the domestic politics of Canada’s Afghanistan mission.
Roland Paris is University Research Chair in International Security and Governance at the University of Ottawa, where he teaches in the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs. He has expertise in the fields of international security and peacebuilding, global governance and foreign policy. He has won several prizes and citations for his research, including the Grawemeyer Award for Ideas Improving World Order, and six awards for teaching and public service.
In addition to his scholarly work, Paris has held several positions in government, most recently as Senior Advisor to the Prime Minister of Canada. Previously he worked in the Privy Council Office, the Department of Foreign Affairs, and the Federal-Provincial Relations Office. He has also been Director of Research at the Conference Board of Canada, the country’s largest think tank, and he served on a group of ten international experts advising the Secretary-General of NATO.
At the University of Ottawa, Paris founded the Centre for International Policy Studies (CIPS), which he directed from 2008 until 2015. Prior to joining the University of Ottawa, he was Assistant Professor the University of Colorado-Boulder, and Visiting Researcher at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, DC. He has also been a Visiting Fellow at Sciences Po in Paris.
He sits on the editorial board of seven scholarly journals and has served the board of directors of several organizations, including the World University Service of Canada and the Academic Council on the United Nations System. He also provides regular analysis and commentary on international affairs for national and international media.
Paris holds a Ph.D. from Yale University, an M.Phil. from the University of Cambridge, and a B.A. from the University of Toronto. He lives in Ottawa with his spouse and three children.
Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History
This is a free event. Please reserve a seat by clicking HERE to register online.
Jennifer Chylinski | email@example.com
Join us on April 18th to celebrate the book launch of Elizabeth Riddell-Dixon’s ‘Breaking the Ice: Canada, Sovereignty, and the Arctic Extended Continental Shelf’ (Dundurn Press). There will be a presentation by the author and the opportunity to purchase copies of the book and have them signed by the author.
In Breaking the Ice: Canada, Sovereignty and the Arctic Extended Continental Shelf, Arctic policy expert Elizabeth Riddell-Dixon examines the political, legal, and scientific aspects of Canada’s efforts to delineate its Arctic extended continental shelf. The quality and quantity of the data collected and analyzed by the scientists and legal experts preparing Canada’s Arctic Submission for the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf, and the extensive collaboration with Canada’s Arctic neighbours is a good news story in Canadian foreign policy. As Arctic sovereignty continues to be a key concern for Canada and as the international legal regime is being observed by all five Arctic coastal states, it is crucial to continue to advance our understanding of the complex issues around this expanding area of national interest.
Stick around after the book launch for a discussion on Canadian foreign policy with Roland Paris and Kim Nossal in the George Ignatieff Theatre. For full details click HERE.
Elizabeth Riddell-Dixon has spent three decades researching and writing about law of the sea policy. She is a Distinguished Senior Fellow with the Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, University of Toronto, and Professor Emerita in the Department of Political Science at Western University.
Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, The Gordon Foundation, Dundurn Press
This is a free event. Please register online by clicking HERE. There will be food, refreshments and a cash bar.
Jennifer Chylinski | firstname.lastname@example.org
Central to addressing the problem of international control of atomic energy in the early Cold War was the work of United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) representatives to inform the general public about the atom. This talk will examine policymaker efforts to educate the American public about atomic energy during the 1948 New York Golden Jubilee in an exhibit which presented attendees with a stark choice, boldly asserting that “The World Must Choose: Devastation or International Control and Peace.” As part of a larger story on international negotiations regarding atomic energy control and the emerging Cold War, the 1948 Golden Jubilee illustrates how the conflict was perceived in the hearts and minds of the American public and inextricably linked to the problems and promise of atomic energy.
Speaker: Katie Davis, Ph.D. Candidate in History, University of Toronto
Graham Centre Graduate Student Forum — "The Jekyll and Hyde Nature of Détente": Arms Control and the Atlantic Alliance, 1972-1984
This paper explores détente in the realm of defence and security, what Soviet officials often referred to as "military détente." It explores how the Western allies treated détente as one subset of the Alliance's functions, focusing in particular on the need to balance the pursuit of détente with NATO's continued ability to defend the West. In doing so, I trace allied reliance on two-pronged decisions which paired defence and détente, most notably NATO's 1979 decision to modernize its theatre nuclear force capabilities: the Dual-Track Decision. This paper demonstrates the centrality of arms control and European security to NATO's approaches to and thinking about détente. Ultimately, these areas dovetailed most with the geographic scope and original purpose of the Alliance, thereby making them the heart of allied consensus regarding détente.
Speaker: Susan Colbourn, Ph.D. Candidate in History, University of Toronto
Time: Monday, March 6, 3-5 pm.
Location: Trinity College Boardroom
Vimy is more than a battle from the First World War. It is common to hear that Vimy marks the “birth of a nation,” a claim repeated in school textbooks, by politicians, and in the news. Yet what is meant by this phrase? Do Canadians actually believe that Canada was born at Vimy, 50 years after Confederation? How did the four-day battle of Vimy in April 1917 transform into an origin story? This was no militarist plot. While not all Canadians believed in Vimy’s importance, enough did, and the idea of Vimy was invigorated with the building of Walter Allward’s monument on the ridge. The monument’s unveiling in 1936 by King Edward VIII was attended by more than 6,000 Canadian veterans who crossed the Atlantic. Since then Vimy has been incorporated into Canadian history, although its meaning has changed with each generation. In this year, the 100th anniversary of the battle, Dr. Tim Cook will explore the emergence of the Vimy idea, its changing meaning, and its endurance as a symbol of Canadian service and sacrifice.
Dr. Tim Cook, C.M.
Dr. Tim Cook is a historian at the Canadian War Museum. He was the curator for the museum’s First World War permanent gallery, and he has curated numerous temporary, travelling and digital exhibitions. He has also authored ten books, most of which have been longlisted, shortlisted or awarded prizes, including the C.P. Stacey Prize for Military History (twice), the Ottawa Book Award (twice), the RBC Taylor Prize for Literary Non-Fiction, the BC National Book Award, the J.W. Dafoe Book Prize, the Canadian Authors Association Literary Award and the Shaughnessy Cohen Prize for Political Writing. His newest book is Vimy: Battle and Legend (2017).
In 2012, Dr. Cook was awarded the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee Medal for his contributions to Canadian history and in 2013 he received the Governor General’s History Award for Popular Media: The Pierre Berton Award. Dr. Cook is a Member of the Order of Canada.
Speaker: Laurie Drake, PhD candidate in History, University of Toronto
Location: Trinity College Boardroom, University of Toronto
Date and Time: Monday, February 13, 3-5 pm
Light refreshments will be served.
Crime Doesn't Pay: True Detective Mysteries and the Making of Model Americans, by David Helps, M.A. student in History and Diaspora and Transnational Studies, University of Toronto.
To both critics and defenders, Canadian foreign policy under Stephen Harper was seen as representing a sharp break with what had gone before. Was this true, and why or why not? The Harper Era in Canadian Foreign Policy, edited by Adam Chapnick and Christopher J. Kukucha, brings together an outstanding roster of analysts to assess the conduct of Canadian foreign policy under Stephen Harper in a variety of its aspects. The Graham Centre is pleased to sponsor a launch of this provocative volume, at which coeditor Adam Chapnick and contributors John English, Kim Richard Nossal, and Hugh Segal will speak.
Books will be available for purchase.
Registration and more information here.
Speaker: Simon Miles
Location: Larkin 200
Most accounts of the Cold War focus on the autumn of 1983 as one of its most dangerous periods. Beginning with the Soviet downing of KAL 007 and the US invasion of Grenada, this narrative climaxes with NATO’s Able Archer exercise, which the Kremlin allegedly perceived as cover for a surprise attack. This paper pushes back on this characterization, going beyond the rhetoric of the 1980s to better illustrate the history of the late Cold War.
Using newly declassified archival sources from across the globe, this paper examines the Able Archer exercise and US-Soviet relations during the so-called “Second Cold War.” It makes extensive use of Czechoslovak, East German, and Ukrainian intelligence archives, as well as British, Soviet, and US documents, to tell an international story about crisis and stability in the late Cold War.
I challenge the orthodoxy that Able Archer was a war scare, examining the ongoing Soviet-led intelligence operation underway during the 1980s to predict a Western surprise attack, Operation RYaN, which was in fact a research and development initiative to use computers in intelligence analysis. I show that, through back channel discussions, US and Soviet policy-makers managed the risks of nuclear conflict.
Bio: Simon Miles is a Ph.D. candidate in History at the University of Texas at Austin and a Fellow at the William P. Clements Jr. Center for National Security. He is currently a Visiting Fellow at the University of Toronto’s Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History.
This event is part of the Bill Graham Centre's Graduate Student Forum.
The Ottawa Process Twenty Years Later: The Landmine Treaty, Human Security, and Canada in the Twenty-First Century
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the beginning of the Ottawa Process that culminated in the international treaty to ban anti-personnel landmines. The Graham Centre and its partners come together to mark this anniversary with participants in the Ottawa Process and the broader Human Security agenda, scholars of the Ottawa Process, current NGO activists, and students.
THE OTTAWA PROCESS TWENTY YEARS LATER: The Landmine Treaty, Human Security, And Canada In The Twenty-First Century
On October 27th and 28th the Canadian Landmine Foundation, Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, the Canadian International Council and its partners are proud to present ‘The Ottawa Process Twenty Years Later: The Landmine Treaty, Human Security, and Canada in the Twenty-First Century’ at The Gardiner Museum in Toronto. Speakers from a variety of fields will lend their expertise to help participants understand what the Ottawa Process began twenty years ago and how Canada continues to deal with challenges, both national and international.
We are also pleased to announce that The Hon. Stéphane Dion, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Global Affairs Canada will be delivering our keynote address.
Date and Time
Thursday October 27th
9am to 9pm
Friday October 28th
9am to 4pm
Please see the program below for more details. Note that the schedule is subject to change.
The Gardiner Museum
111 Queen’s Park
Toronto, ON M5S 2C7
Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, Canadian Landmine Foundation, Handicap International, Mines Action Canada, Government of Canada, Laurier Centre for Military, Strategic and Disarmament Studies, Academic Council on the United Nations System, Massey College and Trinity College
THURSDAY OCTOBER 27
THE OTTAWA PROCESS: MIRACLE OR MODEL
9:00 REGISTRATION & CONTINENTAL BREAKFAST
10:00-10:30 WELCOME REMARKS
10:30-12:15 HOW THE PROCESS WORKED
Chair: Mark Gwozdecky, Assistant Deputy Minister, International Security, Global Affairs Canada
Jill Sinclair, Executive Director, External Engagement, Canadian Defence Academy.
Canadian negotiator, Ottawa Process
Paul Heinbecker, Former Canadian Ambassador to the United Nations
Norman Hillmer, Professor, Carleton University
12:30-2:00 Lunch with comments from a land mine survivor, Luz Dari Landazuri Segura
2:00 – 2:30 Pavel Hrncir, Ambassador of the Czech Republic to Canada and author
2:30-4:45 THE LEGACY OF THE OTTAWA PROCESS: HUMAN SECURITY AND NON-GOVERNMENTAL ACTORS
Chair: Olivia Fernandes, Canadian Landmine Foundation
Wendy Wong, Director, Trudeau Centre on Peace, Conflict and Justice, Munk School of Global Affairs, Univ. of Toronto.
Paul Hannon, Executive Director, Mines Action Canada
Clare O’ Reilly, Mine Action Development Manager, Handicap International
Megan Burke, Director, ICBL-CMC
7:00-9:00 STATES, SECURITY, AND THE IMPACT OF THE LANDMINE CAMPAIGN AND HUMAN SECURITY
Chair: Ellen Wright, Canadian Landmine Foundation
The Hon. Bill Graham, Chair, Canadian International Council
The Hon. Lloyd Axworthy, Foreign Minister, Canada 1996-2000
Mokhtar Lamani, former Arab League Ambassador to the United Nations
Appreciation: Chris Snyder, Chair, Canadian Landmine Foundation
FRIDAY OCTOBER 28
HUMAN SECURITY, NON-STATE ACTORS, AND CANADA IN THE NEW CENTURY
9:00-10:30 FUTURE CHALLENGES TO HUMAN SECURITY
Opening Welcome: Mayo Moran, Provost Trinity College
Chair: James Appleyard, CEO, Freycinet Ventures
Maria Banda, Faculty of Law, University of Toronto
Nicolas Rouleau, Lawyer/consultant, Toronto
Erin Mooney, Senior Protection Adviser, United Nations, Protection Capacity & Senior Research Associate, Trinity College, University of Toronto
11:00-12:30 CANADA AND THE POSSIBILITIES OF CHANGE
Chair: Keith Martin, Acting President, Canadian International Council
Robert Bothwell, University of Toronto
Mark Sedra, Security Governance Group
Raj Saini, MP, Member Foreign Affairs and International Development Committee
Paul Meyer, Professor, Simon Fraser University and Co-President, Vancouver Branch, CIC
2:00-3:00: WHAT CANADIANS THINK OF THE WORLD: A DISCUSSION
Chair: Gerald Wright, Canadian International Council
Michael Adams and Keith Neuman, Environics Institute
3:00 KEYNOTE ADDRESS
Introduction: Hugh Segal, Master of Massey College, University of Toronto
The Hon. Stéphane Dion, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Global Affairs Canada
The British electorate’s vote to leave the European Union came as one of the most shocking recent developments in international affairs. What does it mean for Britain? For Europe? For the rest of us? A leading historian of modern Britain explores the implications of Brexit and places it in historical context.
James Cronin is a Professor of History at Boston College. His books include Global Rules: America and Britain in a Disordered World and New Labour’s Pasts: The Labour Party and its Discontents.
What are the realities of today’s China, and what do they mean for us? Journalist and filmmaker Alexandre Trudeau explores these questions in his first book, Barbarian Lost (HarperCollins). Following his lifelong fascination with China, Trudeau travels throughout the country and meets a variety of Chinese men and women, exploring the human dimension of this country whose economic and geopolitical rise is so consequential for Canada and the world.
The Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, in partnership with the Canadian International Council, the Trudeau Centre for Peace, Conflict and Justice, and HarperCollins is pleased to launch this important book.
Join us Monday, September 19th, in the George Ignatieff Theatre, Trinity College, University of Toronto, 15 Devonshire Place, to hear Alexandre Trudeau share his perceptions of contemporary China.
Doors open at 4:30pm
Presentation begins at 5:00pm
Reception and book signing to follow
The Canadian International Council (Toronto Branch), in cooperation with the Bill Graham Centre for Contemporary International History, is pleased to announce the following event:
Presentation by Rt. Hon. Lord David Owen, former U.K. Foreign Secretary and former leader of U.K. Social Democratic Party, on Whether the U.K. Should Leave or Remain in the EU.
Please join the Bill Graham Centre as it hosts the book launch for The New Arab Wars: Uprisings and Anarchy in the Middle East by Marc Lynch. Attendees will have an opportunity to purchase a copy and have their copy signed by the author.
Please join the Bill Graham Centre as it hosts the launch of The Call of the World: A Political Memoir with a conversation between Bill Graham and Mayo Moran. Attendees will have an opportunity to purchase copies of the book and have them signed. Reception to follow.
The Graham Centre Graduate Student Forum presents:
"Marcel Cadieux, Pierre Trudeau, and the Department of External Affairs, 1968-1970"
Speaker: Brendan Kelly, PhD candidate, Department of History, University of Toronto
Between Marcel Cadieux and Pierre Trudeau there was a history. In 1949, fresh from backpacking around the world and sporting a raffish beard, the future prime minister came to Ottawa hoping for a job. When he expressed an interest in the Department of External Affairs (DEA) however, its personnel officer (Cadieux) vowed to bar his way. Yet almost two decades later, when Trudeau succeeded Lester Pearson as prime minister of Canada, Cadieux, who was now under-secretary of state for external affairs, was thrilled. The challenge from nationalist Quebec and Gaullist France was serious and demanded a commensurate response, one that Trudeau was determined to provide. Unfortunately, Cadieux and Trudeau agreed on little else. This paper explores the DEA's difficult adaptation to the new Trudeau government through the eyes of Cadieux and argues that the essential difference between him and the prime minister was between the consummately professional civil servant who believed in tradition and the brilliant politician who sought to redefine the government in new and startling ways.
In 1974, India shocked the world by detonating a nuclear device. In the diplomatic controversy that ensued, the Canadian government expressed outrage that India had extracted plutonium from a Canadian reactor donated only for peaceful purposes. In the aftermath, relations between the two nations cooled considerably.
As Conflicting Visions: Canada and India in the Cold War World 1945-1976 reveals, Canada and India's relationship was turbulent long before the first bomb blast. From the time of India's independence from Britain, Ottawa sought to build bridges between India and the West through dialogue and foreign aid. New Delhi, however, had a different vision for its future, and throughout the Cold War mistrust between the two nations deepened. These conflicting visions soured the relationship between the two governments long before India's display of nuclear might.
Please join the Bill Graham Centre, the Asian Institute, and the Centre for South Asian Studies launch this book with a panel discussion on Canada and India from Nehru to Modi. Speakers include Ramesh Thakur, and Ryan Touhey, and the panel will be chaired by Ritu Burla. There will be an opportunity to purchase the book and have it signed. Reception to follow.
Please join the Bill Graham Centre as it hosts the book launch for "Australia, Canada, and Iraq: Perspectives on an Invasion," edited by Jack Cunningham and Ramesh Thakur. Chaired by John English, the panel discussion will feature the editors and Tim Sayle. There will be an opportunity to purchase the book and have them signed at this event. Reception to follow.
"Canada's Role in the Arctic: The Ongoing Debate" is a conversation with John Hannaford, Assistant Secretary to the Cabinet (Foreign and Defence Policy) at the Privy Council Office, and Thomas S. Axworthy, Chair of Public Policy at Massey College on Canada's Arctic Policy. They will make their comments to address: What is Canada's role in the Arctic? What should Canada's role be?
The American presidency is the most powerful political office in the world, and its power continuously grows in the public imagination. Surprisingly, most contemporary presidents have found themselves severely constrained in their ability to pursue their chosen agendas for domestic and foreign policy change. This lecture will explain why, focusing on the nature of government bureaucracy, the range of American challenges and commitments, and the development of the modern media. The constraints on the presidency have turned this powerful office into an essentially reactive institution that is more tactical than strategic, and therefore unlikely to fulfill major promises. The reactive presidency is, therefore, a disappointing presidency. The lecture will close with some reflections on how Americans can improve presidential leadership in future years. Reforms must center on the institution more than the particular occupant of the office.
Mack Brown Distinguished Chair for Leadership in Global Affairs, Robert S. Strauss Center for International Security and Law, University of Texas
In May of 1981, US President Ronald Reagan assured his audience at the University of Notre Dame that “the West won’t contain communism, it will transcend communism.” Reagan, like his predecessors, portrayed the Cold War as a competition between East and West, not simply the Soviet Union and the United States. This paper considers how Reagan and his administration viewed the Western nations’ role in waging the Cold War, exploring how US policy towards the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) evolved over Reagan’s two terms in office. It focuses, in particular, on US perceptions of the Cold War, the United States’ evolving view of “Western strength” over the course of the 1980s, and American frustration with the often cumbersome multilateral process of NATO decision-making. Despite the administration’s myriad frustrations with the Western allies, however, it highlights how Reagan’s rhetoric contributed to and strengthened the transatlantic partnership for the future by championing the alliance’s most valuable asset: the acceptance of disagreement as part of the democratic tradition.
Canada’s new Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs speaks on the challenges confronting her in her portfolio.
The Islamic Republic of Iran faced a favorable regional environment after 2001, especially in the wake of the US invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Iran attempted to exploit this window of opportunity by assertively seeking to expand its interests throughout the Middle East. It fell short, however, of fulfilling its longstanding ambition of becoming the dominant power in the Persian Gulf and a leading power in the broader Middle East. Today, Iran is not a fast-expanding regional hegemon, as one often hears, but is rather a mid-sized regional power frustrated at not reaching its ambitions.
A post-election conversation with the Hon. Lloyd Axworthy, former Minister of Foreign Affairs, who will reflect on Canada’s role in the world, drawing on his own experience making and articulating Canadian foreign policy, in the aftermath of the current federal election.
“Staying in [but] in a different way”: The Nixon Doctrine and the Conservative Function of Reform, 1969-1970
Join us for this event with Matthieu Vallieres, PhD candidate, Department of History, University of Toronto, sponsored by the Graham Center’s Graduate Research Forum.